Parking Minimums: Promoting Driving Everywhere

Chalmette19FebOfficeDepotRedFord

Source: Wikipedia

I would like to add a bit of anecdotal experience of living in a large city and commuting and the insidious effect that parking minimums have on cities, generally, and transit, specifically.

I live in the Jefferson Park neighborhood of Chicago. It is part of the city’s famed bungalow belt and is located in the extreme northwest side of the city. Though my part of neighborhood was plated in the 1920′s, most development occurred in the 1940′s and ’50s. As such, it was developed with the automobile in mind. Despite the fact that most homes are on postage size 25′x125′ lots (thank you 1920′s plats!), most of the commercial corridors filled in during the 1940′s-’50s and are auto-oriented.

Because my home has a back alley garage (guaranteed parking) and much of the neighborhood has easy free parking thanks to zoning that requires parking minimums, I actually drive a fair amount, much more than I’d like to. Accordingly,

“A guaranteed parking spot makes use of the automobile a more attractive option”

much to the detriment of transit and pedestrian space.

When the car takes precedence in transportation planning, other things get neglected. When retail is built into “centers” and “strip malls” and not corner stores, pedestrians and transit get neglected. And what are shopping centers and strip malls: just urban design that satisfies parking minimums.

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2 Comments

Filed under Parking

2 responses to “Parking Minimums: Promoting Driving Everywhere

  1. Ryan -
    Nice post. As a transportation/traffic engineer, my stereotype is to do anything necessary to improve capacity and travel speeds for those in their cars. However, I’m much more interested in striking a balance between modes while also looking for ways to also improve the character and feel of our places. It seems to me that a lot of our traffic problems are facilitated by our land use planning and zoning requirements that just enable auto-oriented lifestyles… parking minimums, separation of uses, etc. I cherish the opportunities I get to provide input on or influence planning of land use and site design. So, thanks for your thoughts on these topics and I’ll be sure to keep checking out your posts.

    - Peter Lemmon

    • Peter, I think that it is great to see a transportation/traffic engineer that can see the complete streets approach. I’ve worked with many engineers in the past that share the stereotype that you mention. As a transportation planner, I’m not against cars, per se, but I’m against the codification of various laws and customs (engineering, zoning, architecture and urban design) that enable cars to be the predominant mode of travel. This is where I would agree with you most about auto-oriented lifestyles.

      It is precisely these issues that I’d like to explore in my blog. Thanks for the comment.

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